To date, Indonesia has 67,550 TK (kindergartens), 144,228 SD/MI (public/Islamic elementary schools), 28,777 SMP/MTs (public/Islamic junior high schools), 10,765 SMA/MA (public/Islamic senior high schools), and 7,592SMK (vocational schools).These schools employ 2.7 million teachers. Out of the total, only 1.5 million teachers (57.4%) have bachelor’s degree or diploma (Ministry of National Education Strategic Plan 2010-2012). This also means 43% of Indonesia’s teachers have not met the National Education Standards for teacher qualification.
In 2012, teachers registered as certified totaled at 1,006,211. Out of the total, 918,909 teachers sat for the Teacher Competency Test (UKG) in February 2012. The average result of the UKG is 50.0 out of a scale of 0-100. This shows how extremely low the average competency of teachers is in Indonesia. This condition is further exacerbated by high teacher absenteeism, limited school infrastructure, and the low national education budget. Indonesia ranks 127th out of 182 countries in terms of education budget allocation.
True to the mandate of the Constitution (UUD), education is indeed the government’s responsibility. However, the accelerated improvement of access to and quality of education services require the participation and support of the entire Indonesian populace.
Under the auspices of the PuteraSampoerna Foundation (PSF), School Development Outreach (SDO) is one of several institutions that provideseducation development services aimed atimproving the quality of schools, including the quality of educators and educational staff.
Since its establishment in 2005, SDO has served 118 schools and 9 madrasas involving 23,000 teachers. In developing Indonesia’s education, SDO has partnered with more than 45 local and international corporations.
The school quality improvement programs offered by SDO encompassTeacher Professional Development, School Leadership & Management Development and School Governance Development. These programs are delivered through a comprehensive whole school development approach.